Your resume is there to tell the potted story of you, what you’ve done, and what you’re capable of. Indeed, Curriculum Vitae literally means “life story”. It’s not a cover letter, which is a different beast altogether, and we’ve covered the differences for you in another article.
The way that you tell your story is as important as what you actually say, so you need to pick the right format. It’s something a lot of job seekers tend to overlook, so if you get it right, you’re one step ahead of the pack already.
You need to find the most effective way to show your skills and experience and we’re going to give you some tricks and tips about how to get your formatting on point. There are different resume formats to choose from.
In this article we’re going to go over:
This resume format is what you’ll have seen, and probably handed out a thousand times. It’s one of the best templates that are simple and easy for recruiters to understand and navigate their way through. However, since it’s the norm, it’s also pedestrian and ordinary.
Pro-TipProud of your strong, solid work history? This is the style for you. If you’re switching industries or starting out on your career, go for something different. If you’re torn about adding your photo to your resume, check out if it’s right for the country you’re applying in.
Your work experience gets all the limelight in this resume format, you lay it out detailing your most recent job and work your way back through time. Education, qualifications, and skills come after you’ve listed your jobs when you do things in this way.
When your skills and hands on experience is more important that your year-to-year job history, you need to use the functional resume format. In this resume format you ditch the “work history” title and instead start with “professional experience” or “ accomplishments”. Here, you list the skills you’ve honed and things you’ve achieved over your life.
It’s not necessarily a bad thing to have periods without a job…
Pro-TipEmphasize your skills and capabilities when you’re changing careers, applying for your first role, or have gaps in your work chronology. A functional resume focuses on what you can do rather than going through a strict history of your job and shows you’re still qualified.
As well as having a diverse range of jobs, and not having a lot of actual work experience shouldn’t hold you back. These examples are relevant for both fresh college graduates or those looking to get into a new field. To get the message across that you’re still extremely capable of the job you’re applying for, go for the functional resume format. Just be aware, it’s the format your recruiter will be least likely to have seen before.
To bring out the best of your skills and experience, whilst preserving the veracity of your work with full work history, you can use a combination resume. This is a flexible resume format and it is great for tailoring your resume to the specific job you’re going for. You can use a combination resume to clearly tell your story to the hiring manager.
Pro-TipA career packed with experience and skills is best highlighted with this resume format. When going for a career switch you can also play on the relevant skills for the role using a combination resume.
Choose this resume format to make sure the recruiter gets a broad understanding of not only what you can do, but who you are as an employee.
🎯 A targeted resume is very clearly aimed at the specific role you’re applying for. You customize every detail and highlight what you’ve got in your past that’s relevant to the job description.
You’ll spend a lot more time on a targeted resume, but they can be very effective because they are tightly aligned with what the original job posting is looking for. It’s tempting to start embellishing the details of your career history to hit everything the employer wants, this won’t be great when you’re expected to back these things up in the role.
Pro-TipHave a go at writing every resume to be targeted at the specific job. A generic CV is easy to spot in a pile; show the recruiter you’ve really spent time on applying for their role.
If the job is in a creative industry, adding a photo might be worth considering. We have a guide to choosing the right picture and the key differences between a LinkedIn and resume shot.
Every type of resume serves a different purpose, and you’ll probably use different ones throughout your career path. The right one to use now will depend on your circumstances at the moment.
Check out our table to give you a guide: 👇
|Your Situation||Suggested Format|
|Career progression||Reverse chronological or targeted|
|Changing career||Combination or targeted|
|Gaps in job history||Functional or combination|
|Applying for a traditional position||Reverse chronological|
|Creative role being applied for||Combination or targeted|
Whichever way you go with the format of your resume, you need to make sure that it looks professional and is easy for the recruiting manager to extract the details they need. Readability is key, and you achieve this with a good layout and well defined section.
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